Ethics and Armed Forces

Controversies in Military Ethics & Security Policy


Saving the Enemy?
Military Medical Personnel under Fire

After numerous encounters with military medical personnel from Hamburg to Mazar-i-Sharif, I realized how ethical issues are crucial and pressing matters in military medicine. The need for guidance in a time when the deployment scenarios and the responsibilities of medical personnel are changing substantially, made us choose military medical ethics as a key topic.
Read more!
Download the e-journal as PDF

Paul Bouvier

By subordinating medical assistance to military objectives, we are putting our humanity at risk.

Summary Full Article (PDF)

Sheena M. Eagan Chamberlin

Purely strategic medical humanitarian assistance poses problems for U.S. military doctors, and lowers their motivation.
Summary Full Article (PDF)

Cord von Einem

Military doctors and medics often go beyond their humanitarian role and risk criminal liability.
Summary Full Article (PDF)

Michael Gross

National security interests and the ethics of care allow preferential treatment of one’s own soldiers.
Summary Full Article (PDF)



B. Williams-Jones,  S. de Laat, M. Hunt, C. Rochon, A. Okhowat, L. Schwartz, J. Horning 

Study shows: Ethical dilemmas arise mainly from the complexity of international missions, less from a dual role.
Summary Full Article (PDF)

Bernhard Koch

Unnatural enhancements for body and brain – therapy, doping and performance pressure for soldiers violate medical ethical principles
Summary Full Article (PDF)

Daniel Messelken

International law and medical ethics require military doctors to treat enemies and fellow soldiers equally.
Summary Full Article (PDF)

Ulrike von Pilar, Birthe Redepenning

Humanitarianism as a political weapon endangers human lives
Summary Full Article (PDF)

Bombed hospitals and medical personnel under threat – war does not stop even for helpers. Kidnappings of employees of international aid organizations are becoming reality more and more. In recent years, the number of humanitarian workers who have come under attack in war zones and crisis areas has increased significantly. From 2012 to 2014, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) recorded 4,275 helpers and patients who fell victim to violent attacks in 11 countries. During the same period, there were 60 cases of medical facilities being misused as a military base.
Read more!

Babak Ali Naraghi

Violence against doctors and patients is increasing in armed conflicts. Only international efforts can protect healthcare.

Full Article (PDF)

Ingo Patschke 

Asymmetric warfare and new enemies challenge the rules of war. Why values are getting more and more important.

Full Article (PDF)

Ralf Vollmuth

When giving up their special status, military medical personnel face high risks. 

Full Article (PDF)

An interview with Andreas-Christian Tübler by Gertrud Maria Vaske

Joint operations with armed forces and NGOs can be fruitful for all parties in humanitarian missions.

Read More! Full Article (PDF)