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Innere Führung commits German soldiers for respect to human rights, to fairness, tolerance and loyalty to democratic decisions. But given current conflicts and security-policy challenges, is Innere Führung still in step with the times, and can it realistically be put into practice ? Who does the Bundeswehr really need – citizens in uniform or would global warriors be preferable ? In the light of international deployments, the issue is becoming increasingly contentious. What does this mean for armed forces all around the world?
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Inciting insurgency, cyber attacks, exerting influence through propaganda, deliberately spreading confusion – all of these can be part of a hybrid war. Covert and overt operations go hand in hand. Everything is possible, every possibility is used. This presents major challenges for security policy, such as the worldwide situation of refugees, and raises many ethical questions. It is therefore all the more important to respond to the complexity of hybrid warfare in a measured and strategic way.
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Lightning-fast decisions are required between life and death. Whom to treat first in light of limited resources – the fellow soldier, the civilian or the enemy? In the field, this question often leads to moral conflicts. Is it at all possible to reconcile military necessity with the principles of medical ethics, and who helps the helpers? Military medical personnel in conflict with ethics and International Humanitarian Law.
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