“Six out of ten internet users worry about cyberwars,” reported IT industry association Bitkom in early 2019. It is possible that for many people, the survey conjured up a danger that they had never considered before. But still the story provides a number of points for reflection.
On November 11, 1918, the First World War came to an end. As France’s President Emmanuel Macron explained in a speech marking the centenary of the Armistice, this historic date forms an important point of reference for the European peace project. Shortly before the commemorations in Paris, he had once again called for the formation of a European army.
The question at the core of foresight processes is: What is in store for us? What do we need to prepare ourselves for? This issue of “Ethics and Armed Forces” goes one step further. Can foresight be made to serve the goals of peace ethics – or, in other words: Does a broader vision mean fewer crises? The authors offer an interdisciplinary investigation of the question – from the perspective of futures research, theology and ethics, (security) policy and the military. They explain key concepts, give an overview of foresight practice in Germany, and critically examine its capabilities and limitations.