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One Europe – One Army? On the Value of Military Integration

On November 11, 1918, the First World War came to an end. As France’s President Emmanuel Macron explained in a speech marking the centenary of the Armistice, this historic date forms an important point of reference for the European peace project. Shortly before the commemorations in Paris, he had once again called for the formation of a European army.  

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The EU can only credibly advocate its values if it abides by them in political practice at all levels
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As it develops joint military capabilities, the EU must not lose sight of the “peace power” model
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Only if the EU remembers its founding values can its Common Security and Defence Policy set the right priorities 
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While security and defense policy integration in specific areas makes sense for “Europe as a power for peace”, an EU army certainly does not
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Prioritizing the armaments and defense community over the political community is economically questionable and politically risky
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For the EU and its citizens, Europeanization of the armed forces is much more of an opportunity than a risk
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The EU has no choice but to improve its military capabilities


Estonia relies on NATO, but can only benefit from the new impetus in European security policy
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If military cooperation in Europe also strengthens NATO, Russia will feel challenged 
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Special: A Role Model for Combined Armed Forces


On progress toward integration in the military and European citizens in uniform 


"Innere Führung" could become the role model for Europe's armed forces
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In the PESCO framework, it is also important to address the development of a European leadership structure and culture
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"The opportunity to learn from each other": Five members of the multinational headquarters in Strasbourg on military cooperation